Aziz Al-Azmeh. The Emergence of Islam in Late Antiquity: Allah and His People. Cambridge University Press (2014). 654 pages.
Based on epigraphic and other material evidence as well as more traditional literary sources and critical review of the extensive relevant scholarship, this book presents a comprehensive and innovative reconstruction of the rise of Islam as a religion and imperial polity. It reassesses the development of the imperial monotheism of the New Rome, and considers the history of the Arabs as an integral part of Late Antiquity, including Arab ethnogenesis and the emergence of what was to become Muslim monotheism, comparable with the emergence of other monotheisms from polytheistic systems. Topics discussed include the emergence and development of the Muhammadan polity and its new cultic deity and associated ritual, the constitution of the Muslim canon, and the development of early Islam as an imperial religion. Intended principally for scholars of Late Antiquity, Islamic studies and the history of religions, the book opens up many novel directions for future research.
Table of Contents
1. Late antiquity and Islam: historiography and history
2. Gods, divine economies, and emperors
3. Arabia and Arab ethnogenesis in late antiquity
4. Preface to Allah
6. Paleo-Islam, 1: charismatic polity
7. Paleo-Islam, 2: the Paleo-Muslim canon
8. Retrospective and prospective: Islam in late antiquity and beyond.